His family is said to have been of German descent, originally bearing the somewhat plebeian name of Dick,  which they changed for its Russian equivalent Tolsty, when they migrated to Muscovy at the beginning of the seventeenth century. The first eminent member of the stock was Peter Andrievichone of Peter the Great's most famous "fledgelings," renowned for his energy, versatility, and diplomatic finesse, whom his master richly endowed and raised to countly rank. Yet Peter himself seems always to have stood on his guard against him.
Towards the end of his life, Leo Tolstoy became increasingly interested in a version of pacifist Christianity with support for a strand of Anarchist Communism. His exposition of pacifism and non-violence had a profound influence on others — most notably Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King.
He was the fourth cousin of Alexander Pushkin. In his early life, he struggled with his studies and drifted through life ending up with large gambling debts.
Fed up with his aimless and empty life he volunteered to serve in the Russian army. However, this experiences as a soldier led him to become a pacifist in later life.
He wrote his battlefield observations in Sevastopol Sketches, and this raised his profile as a leading Russian writer, gaining the attention even of the current Tsar. Lying, stealing, promiscuity of every kind, drunkenness, violence, murder — there was not a crime I did not commit… Thus I lived for ten years.
He travelled widely through Europe but became increasingly disenchanted with the materialism of the European Bourgeoisie.
He could be argumentative with those he disagreed with such as Turgenev widely considered the greatest Russian writer of his generation. He also developed an increasing sympathy with peasants, the poor, and those downtrodden from society.
He went out of his way to help and serve them. In he married Sofia Andreyevna Behrs, 16 years his younger. This marriage provided a degree of stability out of which Tolstoy wrote his great epics War and Peace and the novel Anna Karenina.
War and Peace is breathtaking in its scope, realism and sense of history. Some characters were real historical people; others were invented.
It tells a narrative of two families set against the backdrop of the Napoleonic Wars. Tolstoy never saw it as a novel but an epic. Amongst other themes, it suggests the necessity of making the best of life, whatever your situation.
That is the only reality in the world, all else is folly. It is the one thing we are interested in here. The Kingdom of Heaven is within You.Lev Nikolaevich (Leo) Tolstoy (–).
Russian novelist, reformer, and moral thinker Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana, the Tolstoy family estate a hundred miles south of Moscow, on August Some of the members of the Tolstoy family left Russia in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution and the subsequent establishment of the Soviet Union, and many of Leo Tolstoy's relatives and descendants today live in Sweden, Germany, the United Kingdom, France and the United States.
Feb 20, · Biography of Leo Tolstoy by R. Nesbit Bain. Biography.
Lev Nikolaivich Tolstoi was born on September 9th, , at his father's estate, Yasnaya Polyana, in the Government of Tula. His family is said to have been of German descent. On September 9, , Leo Tolstoy was born in Tula Province, Russia. In the s, he wrote his first great novel, War and Peace. In , Tolstoy set to work on the second of .
Leo Nikolaivich Tolstoy was born on August 28, to Princess Marie Volkonsky and Count Nicolas Tolstoy. Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana, the Volkonsky manor house on . Leo Nikolaivich Tolstoy was born on August 28, to Princess Marie Volkonsky and Count Nicolas Tolstoy.
Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana, the Volkonsky manor house on the road to Kieff in Russia. It was here that he was to spend the majority of his adult life.
Leo was the fourth and last son.