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Causes of the Civil War By: Causes of the Civil War The South, which was known as the Confederate States of America, seceded from the North, which was also known as the Union, for many different reasons.
The reason they wanted to succeed was because there was four decades of great sectional conflict between the two.
Between the North and South there were deep economic, social, and political differences. The South wanted to become an independent nation. All of this was basically a different interpretation of the United States Constitution on both sides.
In the end all of these disagreements on both sides led to the Civil War, in which the North won. There were a few reasons other then the slavery issue, that the South disagreed on and that persuaded them to succeed from the Union.
Basically the North favored a loose interpretation of the United States Constitution. They wanted to grant the federal government increased powers.
The South wanted to reserve all undefined powers to the individual states. The North also wanted internal improvements sponsored by the federal government. This was more roads, railroads, and canals. The South, on the other hand, did not want these projects to be done at all.
Also the North wanted to develop a tariff. With a high tariff, it protected the Northern manufacturer. It was bad for the South because a high tariff would not let the south trade its cotton for foreign goods. The North also wanted a good banking and currency system and federal subsidies for shipping and internal improvements.
The South felt these were discriminatory and that they favored Northern commercial interests.
Basically the South wanted and needed it and the North did not want it at all. The South was going to do anything they could to keep it. This was the issue that overshadowed all others.
At this time the labor force in the South had about 4 million slaves. These slaves were very valuable to the slaveholding planter class. They were a huge investment to Southerners and if taken away, could mean massive losses to everyone. Slaves were used in the South as helpers in the fields in the cultivation of tobacco, rice, and indigo, as well as many other jobs.
The South especially needed more slaves at this time because they were now growing more cotton then ever because of the invention of the cotton gin.CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR: SOCIAL, ECONOMIC & POLITICAL INTRODUCTION: Civil war is the most consequential and pressing period in the history of America.
The war ended and halted centuries of slavery in the country and it also made a great deal of numerous political and social changes. Free Essay: Causes of the Civil War Although some historians feel that the Civil War was a result of political blunders and that the issue of slavery did not.
Essay on Causes of the American Civil War.
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