Ancient Greece Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western philosophical ethics. The ideas of Socrates c. The sudden flowering of philosophy during that period was rooted in the ethical thought of earlier centuries.
They are similar in that they are both concerned with trying to determine what human actions are right and what actions are wrong.
Beyond that, however, there are no similarities. They are very different because they take very different approaches to understanding what is good and what is bad. Utilitarian and deontological reasoning have very little in common. In this view, an action is good or bad because of how it turns out.
Its morality has nothing to do with what the person meant to do.
To take an extreme example, imagine that I am driving along and I see someone that I hate who is walking along on the sidewalk. I decide to run him over with my car. He sees me coming and dives out of the way.
I accidentally run over someone behind him, who had an automatic rifle and was about to murder five people. According to utilitarianism, I have committed a good act because I saved the lives of five people.
The fact that I saved them unintentionally while trying to kill someone else is irrelevant; all that matters is what came about because of my action.
Deontological reasoning takes the opposite approach. In this view of the world, our actions are good or bad because of why we do them. If we do things out of good intentions, our actions are morally good no matter what their results are.
If we look at the scenario from the last paragraph from a deontological point of view, we would say that my action was wrong.
When I drove my car up onto the sidewalk, I meant to kill an innocent person. The fact that I accidentally killed a bad person and saved lives has nothing to do with the morality of my action.
My action was immoral because I was trying to do a bad thing. Thus, these two types of philosophy are very different. Utilitarianism is concerned with how our actions turn out while deontological reasoning is concerned with the motives behind our actions.The study of moral truths.
It is a branch of philosophy. It asks basic questions about the good life, about what is better and worse, about whether there is any objective right and wrong, and how we .
However, a utilitarian (a teleological form of ethics) such as Jeremy Bentham would argue that the outcome that produced the most happiness is the most favourable outcome. Deontological theories such as Kantian ethics or situation ethics all have absolute rules that must be followed. for the example of euthanasia, this would not .
The following is an excerpt from article DE from the Christian Research Institute.
The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics.
Utilitarianism . Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast utilitarian and deontological reasoning.' and find homework help for other Philosophy questions at eNotes. Compare and contrast utilitarianism and deontology. Utilitarianism is the principle that the correct form of action be taken to benefit the greatest number of people.
Deontology is defined as the area of ethics involving the responsibility, moral duty and commitment. J. L. Mackie - Ethics~ Inventing Right and Wrong (, ) - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free.