Critical thinking has been part of discussion among the educators for its significance and application for last many decades. Perfection of thought can be achieved with the use of critical thinking skills while training of mind needs interaction between literary text and the reader as literature has the capacity to achieve mental traits specified to critical thinking. Accordingly, this report presents a relationship between critical thinking skills and English literature study along with reader response theory techniques considering that without the use of critical thinking skills and reader response theory, study of literature is haphazard hence for the application of reader response theory, literary text is inevitable.
Khatib emphasize that it is important for teacher to teach students critical thinking in order to make the students able to think critically and correctly. There are two methods of teaching critical thinking to students in general way or not in the English as Foreign Learning EFL context. The first method is to modify the lesson to enhance critical thinking such as adding some activity of exercises, laboratories, homework, term papers and exam.
The next method is to adapt techniques by expert such as exercises, programs, or material Schafersman, as cited in Khatib, Thus, it will more likely to make students bored if the activities in all course rely on the same focus.
In EFL context, we are familiar with literary text. Literary text like poetry always have metaphorical meaning or meaning beyond the surface of the poem itself. The first is the fact that literature itself is always has meaning beyond the surface.
Thus, it is believed that by doing analysis of certain literary text, it will exercise the activity which enhance critical thinking as it refer to the definition of critical thinking as an activity which consist of high order thinking activity such as reflection, inference, synthesizing information to make reasonable judgment as it is stated by Beaumont, as it cited in Madondo, The nature of literature is claimed to be directly related with reality.
However, one also stated that literature even has more powerful and significant role in life because it may become the tool to criticize life Madondo, Thus, by analyzing and studying literary text which consist of matter which directly reflect on daily life matters may give reference to the students in taking up action since they have already stored a schemata about particular matters by analyzing a literary text.
Students may study the causal relationship between events and action by the study of a poem and it will build a new schemata stored in their brain to help them making further judgment or decision on particular actions.
In conclusion, enhancing students critical thinking in EFL classroom context will be more interesting and effective by teaching literature as the media to show students how to be critically respond to a case and practicing some critical thinking activities through the reading and analyzing a literary works.
International Journal of Linguistics Vol. Developing Critical Thinking through Literature Reading. Literary Text and Critical Thinking.Through the study of literature, students can develop critical thinking skills, learning how to make predictions, weigh pros and cons, and come to conclusions based on logically thinking on the.
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Critical Thinking and Transferability: A Review of the Literature By Gwendolyn Reece April 9, Since the s, concern that American students may not be capable of frequently proposed is that critical thinking skills are necessary for effective citizenship.
Through literature study of researches on critical thinking, this paper gives an analysis of the present situation and existing problems of critical thinking cultivation in Chinese college English.
Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Skills for English Literature Study with Reader Response Theory: Review of Literature Since Socrates’ time, reasoning is considered valuable for the justification of speaker’s belief along with Thomas Aquinas’ testing of his thinking to answer his own thinking.
Why Literature? Critical Thinking. by Meghan McLaughlin.
The world of the incarcerated prisoner tends to be a narrow and self-absorbed one. There is a tendency toward the "woe is me" way of thinking that makes teaching basic skills difficult.
Studying literature is an effective means of counteracting that way of thinking.