Informal observation[ edit ] Before psychological research on confirmation bias, the phenomenon had been observed throughout history.
Situational ethics can also be classed under the ethical theory genre of " proportionalism " which says that "It is never right to go against a principle unless there is a Selective reasoning reason which would justify it.
Robinsona situational ethicist, considered the approach to be a form of ethical relativism. There was an active debate in the mid-twentieth century around situational ethics, which was being promoted by a number of primarily Protestant theologians.
The English term "situation ethics" was taken from the German Situationsethik. It is unclear who first coined the term either in German or in its English variant.
Joseph Fletcher[ edit ] Fletcher proposed that in forming an ethical system based on love, he was best expressing the notion of "love thy neighbor," which Jesus Christ taught in the Gospels of the New Testament of the Bible. Through situational ethics, Fletcher was attempting to find a "middle road" between legalistic and antinomian ethics.
Selective reasoning developed his theory of situational ethics in his books: The Classic Treatment and Situation Ethics. Situational ethics is thus a teleological or consequential theory, in that it Selective reasoning primarily concerned with the outcome or consequences of an action; the end.
Fletcher proposed that loving ends justify any means. The four working principles[ edit ] The following are presuppositions Fletcher makes before setting out the situational ethics theory: An action someone makes should be judged according to the love influenced in it, so the user must always ask: The most important choice of all in the teachings in 1 John 4: Whereas the legalist thinks people should work to laws, the situational ethicist believes that laws benefit the people.
This forces the user to ask 'who is to be helped? The six fundamental principles propositions [ edit ] First proposition Only one thing is intrinsically good ; namely love: Second proposition The ruling norm of Christian decision is love: Third proposition Love and Justice are the same, for justice is love distributed, nothing else.
Justice is Christian love using its head, calculating its dutiesobligationsopportunities, resources Justice is love coping with situations where distribution is called for.
Fifth proposition Only the end justifies the meansnothing else. Actions only acquire moral status as a means to an end; for Fletcher, the end must be the most loving result. When measuring a situation, one must consider the desired end, the means available, the motive for acting and the foreseeable consequences.
Sixth proposition Love's decisions are made situationally, not prescriptively. Examples[ edit ] Fletcher proposed various examples of situations in which the established moral laws might need to be put on hold in order to achieve the greater amount of love.
These were based upon real situations. But if he took the pills and lived past next October when the insurance was up for renewal, they were bound to refuse the renewal, and his insurance would be canceled.
So he told me that he was thinking that if he didn't take the pills, then his family would get left with some security, and asked my advice on the situation.
Special Bombing Mission No. Captain Lewis uttered six words, "My God, what have we done? Aboutwere killed, many times more were wounded and burned, to die later. The next day Japan sued for peace. When deciding whether to use "the most terrible weapon ever known" the US President appointed an Interim Committee made up of distinguished and responsible people in the government.
Most but not all of its military advisors favoured using it. Top-level scientists said they could find no acceptable alternative to using it, but they were opposed by equally able scientists.
After lengthy discussions, the committee decided that the lives saved by ending the war swiftly by using this weapon outweighed the lives destroyed by using it and thought that the best course of action.
Next to me sat a young woman of about twenty-eight or so, attractive and well turned out in expensive clothes of good taste. She showed some interest in my book, and I asked if she'd like to look at it.
You might help me to decide," she explained There was a war going on that her government believed could be stopped by some clever use of espionage and blackmail. However, this meant she had to seduce and sleep with an enemy spy in order to lure him into blackmail.
Now this went against her morals, but if it brought the war to an end, saving thousands of lives, would it be worth breaking those standards?Situational ethics is a form of consequentialism (though distinct from utilitarianism in that the latter's aim is "the greatest good for the greatest number") that focuses on creating the greatest amount of love.
Explanation: While there are many problems with the reasoning of Jimbo, due to his selective attention, and possible pessimism when it comes to the economy, he did not let the good news register and/or did not take that information into consideration before concluding that our economy is still in the “crapper”, based on that one piece of.
Dec 22, · selective reasoning on you and not realizing that they are leaving out things that have actually contributed to their success, either because they didn't think they were important or simply forgot about them altogether.
Selective Reasoning. 7 July Marketing; When the simulation was first assigned, I really had no idea what to expect. I assumed that my group members and I would be creating various written documents, which was clearly not the case.
After selecting a group composed mainly of my close friends, we began to read through the various materials. Types of Reasoning Reasoning is the process of inferring conclusions from premises.
The premises may be in the form of any of the various types of evidence; they may be stated as propositions; or they may be statements of conclusions reached through prior reasoning. Selective reasoning. PM Network, 24(2), 62– Reprints and Permissions In today's highly competitive workplace, project managers are continually looking out for opportunities that can bring the kind of recognition that separates them from their colleagues.
This article discusses the professional opportunities that can provide the most.