Sir thomas stamford raffles

Thomas Stamford Raffles Sir b. Besides signing the treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor on 6 February that gave the British East India Company the right to set up a trading post in Singapore, Raffles made several other contributions that helped establish Singapore as a thriving settlement. Malacca was one of the many British territories returned to the Dutch under the Treaty of Vienna.

Sir thomas stamford raffles

Sir thomas stamford raffles

See Article History Alternative Title: He was knighted in Born to an improvident merchant captain and his wife during a homeward voyage from the West IndiesRaffles grew up in an atmosphere of debt.

Forced to cut short his schooling at the age of 14, he entered the service of the East India Company as a clerk in order to support his mother and four sisters. Although his formal education was inadequate, he studied the sciences and several languages at his own leisure and conceived an interest in natural history that was to earn him a distinguished reputation.

His industry won him such notice that at the age of 23 he was appointed assistant secretary to the newly formed government of Penanga hitherto inconspicuous island at the northern entrance to the Strait of Malacca. In Penang, which had been established to give Britain a foothold in the Dutch-held East IndiesRaffles shaped his career by an intensive exploration into the language, history, and culture of the Malayan peoples scattered over the islands of the archipelago.

Determined to remove Java from French influence, Minto appointed Raffles his agent to prepare the way for a naval invasion.

Sir Stamford Raffles, in full Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, (born July 6, , at sea, off Port Morant, Jam.—died July 5, , London, Eng.), British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire. He was knighted in Thomas Stamford Raffles () – best-known as the founder of Singapore in – was the British Lieutenant-Governor of Java from to During a brief stay in England in he published this first English-language history of Java. It contains plates depicting Javan costume, some. Sir Stamford Raffles: Sir Stamford Raffles, British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire. He was knighted in Born to an improvident merchant captain and his wife during a homeward voyage from the.

Entrusted with an independent authority that aroused jealousy in Penang, Raffles established his headquarters in Malacca. Minto gave considerable credit for the success to Raffles.

Shortly afterward Minto sailed for Calcutta, leaving Raffles at the age of 30 to rule not only Java but also an archipelagic empire of several million inhabitants. Raffles inaugurated a mass of reforms aimed at transforming the Dutch colonial system and improving the condition of the native population.

Sir thomas stamford raffles

His reforms, however, proved too costly to a trading company primarily concerned with profit and were short-lived. After four and a half years in Java, suffering from increasing ill health and shattered by the death of his wife, he was recalled.

Left vulnerable to personal attack by the death of Minto, he sailed for England on March 25,thoroughly out of favour with the court of directors of the East India Company. He never regained their full confidence. Despite a dazzling London success in both fashionable and learned society that culminated in his election as a fellow of the Royal Society and the award of knighthood, he resumed his Eastern service in a situation of reduced and restricted authority, as lieutenant governor of the dilapidated, fever-ridden pepper port of Bengkulu on the west coast of Sumatra.

Yet it was from Bengkulu, as he watched the Dutch regain possession of the Indonesian archipelago and enforce a policy of complete commercial monopoly, that he made his next move to extend British influence in southeastern Asia.

In a voyage to Calcutta, which all but ended in shipwreck, he employed his wide knowledge of Eastern affairs and his powers of persuasion to convince Lord Hastings, then governor-general of India, that immediate and forceful action was essential to safeguard British trade with the Far East.

On the morning of Jan. Although he returned to his post at Bengkulu for three years, he went back to Singapore in Octoberwhen he reorganized the various branches of the administration. His regulations of January stated, the Port of Singapore is a free Port, and the trade thereof is open to ships and vessels of every nation.

By a treaty of March 17,the Dutch relinquished all claim to Singapore. For Raffles, however, this was a time of rapidly deteriorating health, characterized by headaches of increasing ferocity, and he sailed for England, arriving there on Aug. In London his vast collections illustrating natural history and Malayan lore won him acclaim as an Orientalist, and he assisted in founding the London Zooof which he was elected the first president.

Stamford Raffles | Westminster Abbey

He died of a brain tumour in July Thomas Stamford Raffles () – best-known as the founder of Singapore in – was the British Lieutenant-Governor of Java from to During a brief stay in England in he published this first English-language history of Java.

Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (b. 6 July , off Port Morant, Jamaica–d. 5 July , Middlesex, England) is famously known as the founder of modern Singapore.

Besides signing the treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor on 6 February that gave the British East India Company the right to set up a trading post in Singapore, Raffles made several other contributions that helped establish.

Sir Stamford Raffles, in full Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, (born July 6, , at sea, off Port Morant, Jam.—died July 5, , London, Eng.), British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire.

He was knighted in Take a selfie with the founder of modern Singapore. The statue of Sir Stamford Raffles is a national icon which stands tall amidst the cityscape. In , Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the British colony of Singapore in During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from to Explorer and adventurer.

Founder of the city of Singapore, and also of the Zoological Society (London Zoo). An anti-slavery pioneer, he was refused burial inside the church at Hendon by the then vicar, whose family had made its money in the slave trade.

However when the church was extended in the s his tomb was.

History of Singapore - Wikipedia