A three-judge panel of the U. The court ruled that the prosecution had presented untrustworthy hearsay testimony against Issa, denying him the opportunity to confront the person who allegedly had implicated him in the murder.
The infliction by due legal process of the penalty of death as a punishment for crime. The Latins use the word capitalis from caput, head to describe that which related to life, that by which life is endangered.
They used the neuter form of this adjective, i. The idea of capital punishment is of great antiquity and formed a part of the primal concepts of the human race. When Cain committed fratricide Genesis 4and was rebuked therefor by Godhe uttered the lament that his life would be in danger by reason of the hostility of others.
A mark was set upon him by the Lord which was a guarantee of his personal safety. The first Divine pronouncement which seems to sanction the death penalty is found in Genesis 9: Thus, in Exodus 21that penalty is prescribed for murderfor a wilful assault upon the father or mother of an offender, for cursing a man's father or mother, and for man-stealing.
Down to their latest days the Kingdoms of Israel and Juda preserved capital punishment as a feature of their criminal code. No more cruel form of punishment for offences deemed capital existed in ancient times than that which prevailed among the Jewsi. This form of capital punishment is repeatedly mentioned in the Old and New Testaments.
It would appear from the Book of Esther that hanging was the punishment which prevailed among the Assyrians.
Two of the king's slaves who plotted against his life were thus punished Esther 2and by that method the king's prime minister, Aman, was executed, the gibbet used for that purpose being said in Esther, vii, to be the same one which Aman had prepared, "fifty cubits high" ibid.
The ancient Greeks punished homicide phonoscommitted by design, and many other offences with death.
The court which prescribed this penalty was the Court of the Areopagus. The court was not invested with discretionary power in awarding punishment, since Demosthenes says that the law determined this according to the nature of the crime. Wilful murder was punished with death, and other degrees of homicide and malicious wounding were punished with banishment and confiscation of goods.
Those who were convicted upon a charge of unintentional homicidenot perfectly excusable, were condemned to leave the country for a year.
Treason prodosia was punished with death.
The goods of traitors who suffered death were confiscated, and their houses razed to the ground. It was not permitted to bury their bodies in the country, but they were cast out into some desolate place. Hence, the bones of Themistocles, who had been condemned for treason, were brought over and buried secretly by his friends, as related by Thucydides.
The posterity of a traitor received the treatment of outlaws. The Areopagus was the tribunal for the trial of cases wherein the charge against an individual was wilful murder and wounding, or a charge of arson or poisoning. The Attic legend tells us that the first notable trial before the Areopagus was that of Orestes upon a charge of having murdered his mother.
Aeschylus represents this trial as the origin of the court itself. Some authorities claim that the Ephetai acted as a Court for the trial of murder in conjunction with that of Areopagus. The Ephetai certainly had jurisdiction over cases involving the lesser degrees of homicide.
The punishment of death at Athens was generally by poison in the case of freemen. After sentence, the condemned murderer was directed to take a cup of hemlock or other poison and drink it. In the case of the imposition of any penalty upon a criminal in the courts of Athensthe prosecutor proposed the penalty in the first instance and then the person condemned had the privilege of suggesting a different punishment.
Thus it was that Socrateswhen his death was proposed, after trial and conviction, suggested that instead of being punished by death he ought to be entertained at public expense for the rest of his life in the Prytaneum, the palatial quarters used by the Athenians for extending and providing municipal hospitality.
Criminals of low social grade, such as slaves, were beaten to death with cudgels. The Roman law was notably severe in regard to public offences.
A law of the Twelve Tables contained some provision as to homicide Plin.Capital punishment -- the death penalty Basic reasons that people give to support or oppose the death penalty. Sponsored link. Common reasons in support of capital punishment.
THE DEATH PENALTY IN THE UNITED STATES This webpage is dedicated to the innocent victims of murder, may they always be remembered. Each execution deters an average of 18 murders according to a nationwide study. Capital punishment was abolished in the United Kingdom in part because of the case of Timothy Evans, an innocent man who was hanged in after being wrongfully convicted of two murders that had been committed by his neighbour.
Capital Punishment U.K. - Contents Page. New for November - Executions in Portugal - If you have a question or comment please contact me. Capital Punishment UK is on FaceBook - Click here to read a new a case everyday..
Individual cases (chronological) Capital punishment in Britain.. Catherine Hayes. The case of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev absorbed Americans as no death-penalty drama has in years. The saga of his crime and punishment began with the shocking bloodbath at the Boston Marathon. Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is killed by the state as a punishment for a ashio-midori.com sentence that someone be punished in such a manner is referred to as a death sentence, whereas the act of carrying out the sentence is known as an ashio-midori.com that are punishable by death are known as capital crimes or capital.