Truth is absolute not relative essay

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Truth is absolute not relative essay

Common experience tell us that Nature exhibits the interchange between continuity and discontinuity - growing up marked by sudden changes, heating which gradually leads to boiling, gradual growing apart of friends leading to sudden ruptures, etc.

These two concepts actually prove extremely difficult for formal logic and mathematics to deal with. Modern physics understands that matter is neither discrete nor continuous but a unity of the two "wave-particle"but the history of science exhibits a long history of struggle between theories of the discrete and the continuous.

For instance, modern biology recognises that evolution is a process of "interrupted continuity". In general there is nothing in Nature which is simply and wholly either continuous or discontinuous. A known thing, from which other inferences may be drawn.

Deduction and Induction are terms denoting opposite methods of reasoning. Deduction is the method of inference which substantiates a conclusion on the basis of a number of previously established premises by means of the application of laws of logic, rather than by drawing on experience.

An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.

Induction is begins from a number of given facts and arrives at the principles exhibited in these facts, opening the possibility for deducing new facts or hypotheses.

However, it should be kept in mind that cognition is impossible without both deduction and induction. Neither induction nor deduction can go more than a single step without the help of the other.

Criticising formal logicwhich rigidly separate Deduction and Induction, Hegel asks: And where do the premises come from?

Grounds of Validity of the Laws of Logic: Further Consequences of Four Incapacities

Deduction and induction are a unity of broadly the same nature as analysis and synthesis. If carried to the point of absolute or mechanical determinism - the denial of chance and accident - as in the case of Laplacedeterminism becomes a kind of fatalism in which everything is absolutely determined by what has gone before.

See also Historical Materialism and Political Economy. Refer to Continuity and Discontinuity above. Belittled sense perception as the basis for knowledge, and posed the problem of expressing the contradictoriness of motion and change in logical concepts.

BaconLockerecognises that the material world is the source of sensation, and that sense experience has objective content. Or the idealist trend: Hume drew from the rationalistcritique of Empiricism, the denial of any objective content for sense experience, limiting knowledge to the sum total of sense-experience.

Truth is absolute not relative essay

But Experience does not by itself give necessary and universal knowledge, but can only grasp the superficial external phenomena of the objective world. Experience must be supplemented by the activity of Reason Rationalism which only happens when experience arises from practice.

The concept of error held by any philosophical standpoint reflects its theory of knowledge.Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..

Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.

Ethical relativism is the thesis that ethical principles or judgments are relative to the individual or culture.

When stated so vaguely relativism is embraced by numerous lay persons and a sizeable contingent of philosophers. adjective. subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one's discretion: an arbitrary decision.

decided by a judge or arbiter rather than by a law or statute. Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.

Thomas Carlyle's "Signs of the Times"

Poverty is a multifaceted concept, which may include social, economic, and political elements. Absolute poverty, extreme poverty, or destitution refers to the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food, clothing and shelter.

Moral Relativism. Moral relativism is the view that moral judgments are true or false only relative to some particular standpoint (for instance, that of a culture or a historical period) and that no standpoint is uniquely privileged over all others.

It has often been associated with other claims about morality: notably, the thesis that different cultures often exhibit radically different moral. Truth and falsehood: are they absolute or relative?

"Compared to two years ago, just half as many Americans believe that absolute moral truth exists, dropping from 38% in January to only 22% in November ".

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